Course Description


Goals: Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of concrete needs. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided that the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.


Grammar: W-phrases, Yes/No-questions, definite/indefinite article, adjectives, personal pronouns, present, present perfect and past participle, imperative, modals, numbers, verbal phrases with accusative and dative, adverbials of time and place, possessive article.


Goals: Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.


Grammar: preterite, subclauses (weil, obwohl, wenn, dass), “sollt”-phrases, comparative and superlative, declension of adjectives (nominative, dative, accusative), “Was für ein..”- and “Welch...”-phrases, relative clauses, future I tense, final clauses with “um...zu”, infinitive with “zu”.



Goals: Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.


Grammar: preterite, past perfect, passive mood, subclauses (als, wenn, nachdem, damit, ohne…zu+infinitive, da, statt…zu+infinitive, so dass, so…, dass, seit, bis, während, bevor)), subjunctive II, direct and indirect questions, personal pronouns, reflexive verbs and pronouns, relative clauses, n-declension.



Goals: Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular, unstrained interaction with native speakers. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.


Grammar: causal clauses, consecutive clauses, conditional clauses, subjunctive I+II, prepositions, declension of adjectives, passive, nominal style, genitive.



Goals: Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognize implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.


Grammar: participle constructions, modal verbs, nominal style, passive.